The Burren National Park
Carran, Co Clare
The Northwest corner of Clare houses the most unique region in Ireland. The word Burren comes from the Irish word boireann meaning rocky land. Huge pavements of limestone are present with clints and grikes. Most of the drainage is underground in deep caves. When you visit the Burren give yourself plenty of time as the views and natural beauty are spectacular. Please respect this fragile eco system especially the flowers as many of these are endangered. Plantlife This region is home to more than 700 plants and is considered one of Europes richest botanical areas. Plants from the Arctic Alpine and Mediterranean are present here puzzling many a botanist. Although the Burren consists of 1% of land mass of Ireland 75% of native Irish species call the Burren home. Geology Limestone is abundant here and it was formed from the shells of sea creatures from shallow seas over 300 million years. 15 000 years ago glaciers stripped the soil off and the forces of nature eroded the rock into limestone pavements that we see today. Fauna 32 species of butterfly are present in Ireland and 28 of these call the Burren home. The wildlife is very rich and abundent here with many birds found in the meadows and hills. Wild goats can be seen strolling around in the uplands. Badgers and stoats have been known to grace their presence in the Burren. Monuments Houses & Tombs Man has been known to settle here since the stone age leaving a rich source of habitations and tombs.
Burren National Park Geosite:
Follow the Green Arrow Nature Trail and the longer Green, Red and Blue Walking Routes to view limestone pavement, calcareous grassland, hazel scrub, woodland, turloughs, lakes, petrifying springs, cliffs and fen. Your journey of discovery will lead you towards the folded limestone layers of Mullaghmore - a mountain buckled and warped by ancient movements of the Earth’s crust.